In its efforts to reject the ideas and practices of particular ideologies, the United Nations Human Rights Declaration (UHDR) defends the rights of all people everywhere. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UHDR) lays forth a wide range of people’s rights, all of which are regarded as basic and unalienable. Freedom of thought and speech, as well as the right to life, liberty, and security, are also included in this category. The UHDR rejects the ideology’s principles and practices that employ force and intimidation to undermine these basic liberties. The UHDR is the UN’s way of rejecting any philosophy that would strip people of their basic human rights to life, liberty, and security. Also rejected by the UHDR is any ideology that would resort to torture or other forms of harsh and humiliating punishment to limit human rights.
The UHDR is likewise opposed to any ideology that would stifle the right to free speech. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression and opinion, as stated in the UHDR. This is a categorical denial of any political philosophy that would restrict people’s ability to express themselves freely. Further, the UHDR rejects any ideology that uses such factors as race, color, sex, language, or religion to discriminate against its target audience. Political or other opinions, race, class, nationality, wealth, place of birth, or other arbitrary identifiers (Calhoun, 1883). UHDR states that “everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms outlined in this Declaration, without any distinction of any type.” This is a rebuke of any ideology that seeks to divide people based on some arbitrary criteria. Overall, the UHDR rejects the ideas and practices of ideologies that work to undermine people’s fundamental freedoms and liberties. The UHDR lays out several basic freedoms and declares that everyone, regardless of background, is entitled to them. If you need to travel to Africa, visit Reisen Safari Kenya.
nce, A Disquisition on Government by John C. Calhoun and The Spirit of Laws by Charles de Montesquieu provides a clear insight into this issue. Calhoun’s Disquisition on Government argued for the need of a strong, central government to ensure the well-being of the people, believing that the government should be allowed to intervene in the affairs of its citizens if it felt that it was necessary (Calhoun, 1883). The UHDR, however, makes it clear that people have a right to “life, liberty, and security of person,” and that no government should interfere in the life of its citizens. This is a direct repudiation of Calhoun’s views. If you need a similar paper visit Term Paper.
The Spirit of Laws by Montesquieu argued for a separation of powers within the government, allowing the executive, legislative, and judicial branches to serve as checks and balances on each other. Montesquieu also believed that the government should be held accountable to its citizens and that the basic rights of the people should be respected to the latter (Calhoun, 1883). The UHDR directly repudiates this view by making it clear that the “rule of law” should not be abused and that no government has the right to violate the basic rights of its citizens. The UHDR also states that all citizens have the right to “participation in public life,” thus ensuring that the government is held accountable to its citizens.
Overall, the UHDR makes multiple attempts to repudiate the tenets and methods of specific ideologies according to A Disquisition on Government by John C. Calhoun and The Spirit of Laws by Charles de Montesquieu. It does this by making it clear that people have rights to “life, liberty, and security of person,” that the “rule of law” should not be abused, and that all citizens have the right to “participation in public life.” These repudiations of specific ideologies ensure that the basic rights of all people are protected and respected.